Seville is a city of great history that has origins that date back to unknown times. It is said that the history of Seville can be dated back to 3,000 years ago. The Roman city have passed the Visigoths, Muslims and Christians, as well as being a confluence of land and sea routes. The Romans called Hispalis Islibiya by the Romans and the Arabs. This makes a beautiful heritage left in the city. The discovery of America made it the port of departure and arrival of the boats departing to the new world, which resulted in an important mercantile economy.
Origins of the history of Seville
The origin of the city can say that dates back to the people Tartesso, name coming from what it was called the River Guadalquivir (Tarssis). The thesis is based on archeology, who found remains which would be the eighth century B.C. The treasure called “El Carambolo” stands for containing pieces of gold, may be part of a shell. It was a town that had much splendor and the reasons for their disappearance are unknown. In Roman times, the city also had period of great prosperity. After winning the Carthaginians who were those who ruled the city in the 206 A.C. Scipio Africanus. Roma ended up coming to Seville and became a big city. This time, it was christened Híspalis, a commercial capital to the Romans. Hidden in the Woods of residential colony built on the outskirts of Italica name, since they were born two important emperors Trajan and Hadrian called. In 426 Sevilla is taken by the Vandals. There were at that time several invasions that ended when they reach the Visigoths. Leovigildo and Recaredo then reign as great kings. It was a dark age, where the city of San Isidoro highlighted culturally, which was founded in 560 in Seville.
Arrival of Muslims to the history of Seville
In the 712, Muza conquers Sevilla, beginning the Muslim period that lasted five centuries. It was renamed Isbiliya, hence its current name. Although dependent on the Caliphate of Córdoba, Sevilla was the most important city of el-Andalus. He again became a new source of great wealth in culture. Then came the Almoravids and Almohads, which give the city a historic town that still retains. In these years the Tower of Gold, the Alcazar and the Giralda, which are monuments señeros of Seville was built. In 1248, King Ferdinand III after besieging the city 15 months, when the Muslims surrendered. Shortly afterwards he expelled the Muslim population and the land was divided among the conquerors. The largest mosque tore it down to build the cathedral. The monarch Fernando III “The Saint”, settled in the city until his death. He was succeeded by his son Alfonso X the Wise, from which the motto of the city NO & DO. After conquering the city, there was a significant settlement of Jews, although they were not treated well, and ended expelled or converted to the Christian faith. The neighborhood of Santa Cruz was its location. Other monarchs like Pedro I, Sevilla also chose to reside regularly. Seville was also where we planned the last years of the reconquest.
Modern Age and the discovery of America in the history of Sevilla
After discovering America, Columbus arrived in Seville, where the discovery was announced. From there new routes would be organized to explore the new world. In the sixteenth century Seville was the main port of trade with England, Italy and Flanders. the monopoly of the link is established with America and founded the House of Trade (Archive of the Indies). This made Sevilla had a significant growth in every way, becoming the largest city of Spain. In Seville they were gathering together people of every social class and nationality, highlighting the merchants and the wedding of Charles V. In this period they were built the palace houses like the Hospital of the Five Wounds, where currently the Andalusian Parliament. Finally the Cathedral was completed. Numerous figures of art as Lope de Vega, Cervantes and Garcilaso passed through a town where figures were also born the likes of Velazquez, Murillo and Zurbarán.
Heyday in the history of Sevilla
Luxury era that brought the discovery of America ended with the economic crisis that hit Europe and moved the House of Hiring to Cadiz, so that trade happens to be diverted to that city. A Sevilla those years was called the “City convent” where he once had 73 monasteries of various orders. It born in this century the famous Holy Week in the city. Then, in the eighteenth century tobacco factory and the Plaza de Toros de la Maestranza it is constituted. The railroad arrived in the nineteenth century in Seville. The twentieth century began with the preparations for the World Expo 1929. The Plaza of Spain and Maria Luisa Park were as heritage of the city. They were gradually modernized infrastructure, including a network of trams, channeling the river and the airport is built.
History of Sevilla in the contemporary age
After the unfortunate hiatus that saw the civil war, the city was gradually recovering, until, in the 60s it expanded into the suburbs. An important milestone was the year 1992, where the Universal Exposition, set off a series of improvements that made possible the new bridges over the river, building new avenues and link Madrid – Seville high speed. Sevilla look to the twenty-first century with optimism, a city with great potential and still has tourism as one of its most important assets for its great heritage. As is the story of Seville is prolific and very extensive, as this beautiful city deserves.