In Seville, the Archaeological Museum is located in the Plaza de America, and before him the Museum of Popular Arts is located next to the Royal Pavilion. The Archaeological Museum is located within the Parque Maria Luisa and the building where the museum is located was the former Pavilion of Fine Arts.
The building: architecture and facade
Seville contest was held in 1911 for the construction of the building and won the Sevillian architect Aníbal González. The work of the building took place in 1912 and 1919. This major project was neo-Renaissance style, like many works in Seville as the Latin American Exhibition of 1929, but was dubbed “Palace of the Renaissance”. You can say it was the most expensive building, and while this exhibition was made all the money was donated to the Palace of Fine Arts. Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón and Fray Martin de Santiago conducted a project for the third Count of Monterrey, Alonso Zúñiga and Acevedo. This project was built in 1539.
The collections of the Museum of Seville
The extraordinary quality of works and pieces that are part of the bottom of the Museum of Seville make this among the best in Spain. The remains of Roman and Hispanic Roman era is the most significant museum that has since descended mostly from Italica and to a lesser extent other municipalities. Due to the high conservation of some pieces entering the prerromana stage can be said that were very outstanding at the time.
Almost the entire ground floor is inspired to the Roman period, except the room XXVII, which hosts medieval and modern pieces. These rooms that have the treasure of El Carambolo are of great importance. It is said that the Treasury Carambolo room and XXVII are very important because they contain innumerable notorious pieces of historical and artistic value. XII stand in the living figures like, “Nióbide wounded or Apollo Citharoedus” although there are many other Roman sculptures from different backgrounds. At the same time, the most important of all may be the torso of the Emperor Claudius, dated to the first century and was found in the city of Merida.
Early Christian Parts
In the few medieval museum funds, however, its importance and quality is outstanding. Currently, they are divided into two rooms whose separation is marked by the chronology of the exhibits. artworks are exposed Visigoth and Hispano-Muslim as well as works from the late ancient times and low Christian Middle Ages. Within the funerary context highlights the grave of Maria Severa of the fifth century.
Hispano Visigoda Time
The first piece that stands out at this time is a cuboid gray marble block with reference to the revolt of Hermenegildo king who converted to Christianity. The date of this piece is about the year 581. In the seventeenth century the piece moved to Cajul mill in Alcalá de Guadaira, and it was there he met in 1699. The first piece to be especially noted is the Spanish-Visigodo lintel San Hermenegildo. Another piece of the old era that deserves distinguished late is a Visigoth foot of the altar, dated to the VI-VII centuries. It could not locate its source safely. Has considered the possibility that either of itself or perhaps Sevilla Córdoba. This is a piece of, parallelepiped, vertical format with relief decoration on all four sides. Another unique and very important piece is the tenante. The tenante was a container of the relics of a martyr, and was part of the liturgical furniture. In this case, it has not survived the loculus, the top of the piece. It is in this place where the hole would be found to deposit relics. Very few copies that have come from these pieces, so it is exceptional. The reliefs that decorate the part that concerns us have an iconography with motifs such as rosettes, spikes or kicks crosses. The type of cross is characteristic of the emeritense model, but its decoration also find characteristics that relate to Córdoba and North Africa. In one of the cases we find a faithful reproduction of the crosses and other jewelry that composed the famous Visigoth treasure of Torredonjimeno (Jaén), found in 1926 by a peasant. This discovery was conducted in a completely casual. After numerous adventures. The various pieces that composed went to the Archaeological Museum of Madrid, Barcelona and Cordoba.
In these halls of archeology and muslim art you can admire various columns, capitals, reliefs and pieces of glazed curbstones. Of which we can drill down:
- Capitals and columns
- In the repertoire of the muslim’s art is a variety of capitals of Caliphate.
- The chronological arc spanning from time Sevilla by muslims kings to the conquest of the Christian King Ferdinand III in 1248. Another of the most outstanding works of the Museum is the column of Ibn Abbas. It is a Roman piece dating from the third century. It was reused in the ninth century in the early congregational mosque of the city, current church of the Savior. It has a smooth shaft, with symbols engraved in its entirety. Additionally, this shaft you can see the oldest Arabic inscriptions of the Iberian Peninsula. You can see two transversely and vertically. All allude to the foundation of the mosque and its founder, providing some data of enormous interest to reconstruct the history of the building.
In the Archaeological Museum of Seville one of the stone tables with headings remains more historical and social value, especially for belonging to an epitaph. Epitaph that belonged to a woman of Cordoba Moorish community, which died at the end of the tenth century, in the last stage of the Caliphate.
We have a parapet around the tenth or eleventh centuries of the Caliphate, which manifests the importance that water has in this religion. In one piece carved white marble. This piece is octagonal and comes from Sevilla. The edge has a molding characteristic with decoration braid rest is totally smooth. Curbstone can mention another well again, which is built with clay and green glass cover which comes from the Calle San Luis, from the Almohad era and dates from the years 1147-1248
There are several almohades pieces of religious origin, but highlights among the first ablutions admirable pile of rectangular belonging to the Caliphate, in century X. This entails battery in the upper part aquatic animals or birds and amphibians such as fish and turtles, it is also carved with fleshy leaves of some plants in a block of marble. Among the pottery jars are two very well preserved large and spectacular based glaze decoration horseshoe arches and all sorts of arabesques.
Middle Ages Christian
In the middle of the twelfth century and the middle of the thirteenth century of the Middle Ages, there is a Moorish arch polilobulado which is a semicircular arch decorated one of their foreheads. Among its formal characteristics it belongs to the Almohad tradition, aesthetic that remains until the sixteenth century and will be collected by the Moorish art. On one side you can see the iconography of the raised hand of Fatima, meanwhile on the other side there is a vegetable decoration. Its origin is totally unknown, could be Seville.
Indispensable visit: Treasure of the Carambolo
Apart from the magnificent archaeological and artistic repertoire of Roman times, another element that has certainly given more prestige to the Seville museum is called Treasure of the Carambolo. Magnificent trousseau and controversial 21 pieces of gold 25 carats was made at the time of the Phoenicians, VIII-VI centuries A.C. Currently the original pieces are stored in the safe of a bank, so exposed in a group of replicas were made by sevillanos goldsmiths.
Useful information Museum of Seville
The ticket’s price of Archaeological Museo of Sevilla is FREE for EU citizens. Other countries: 1.50 euros. Therefore, the price of Archaeological Museo of Sevilla be inconvenient to visit this monumental building full of history and Spanish brightness.
Opening of the Archaeological Museum of Seville
Winter (from September 1 to June 30): Tues-Sat: from 9:00 to 21:00. Sundays and holidays from 9:00 to 15:00. Summer (from July 1 to August 31): Tuesday to Sunday and holidays from 9:00 to 15:00. And also for the countries of the European Union, for visitors from other countries price of the Archaeological Museum of Seville has a cost is only 1.50 euros.
How to get there?
Stops that get closer to the museum is a delight to walk is away 359 m, from Palmera’s Avenue in front of Guatemala’s Pavilion located at 372 m. or from De La Borbolla’s Avenue to 505 m distance to the Museum of Sevilla. Anyway, there are many stops that can be used as a reference to get to the Museum in only a time interval of 5 to 10 minutes walk. Subway lines that stop at stations near the Museum of Seville is L1 and the train to be taken is the C1. Buses, if that is more comfortable to travel in them, are the 1331, 1340, 1531, 30.